ASDSO Dam Safety Toolbox

Site Security Program Management

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"Security programs, resilience strategies, and specific security measures for individual sector assets will vary greatly depending on the level of risk that encompasses the specific threat to the asset, its vulnerability, and the consequences of failure. Dams Sector partners may develop emergency action plans, business continuity plans, and disaster recovery plans to support incident response and restoration." [1]

"Owners and operators also typically undertake a number of safety and security measures that include, but are not limited to, the installation of boat and vehicle barriers, enhanced access control measures, expanded closed-circuit television (CCTV) coverage, increased use of alarm systems, enhanced measures to secure control systems (both physical and cyber), the integration of security into existing emergency action plans, and expanded personnel screening programs. Security measures at dams, levees, and other sector assets also include contingency planning and increased liaison with all levels of law enforcement and emergency response agencies. Nonstructural protective measures such as zoning, strengthened building codes, floodplain management ordinances, development fees, flood risk education programs, and relocation of flood-prone communities and infrastructure are examples of security and resilience measures that can substantially decrease the impact of a levee break." [1]

"Dam owners can enhance the overall resilience of their facilities through the development of plans to guide emergency response, crisis communication, rapid restoration, and continuity of operations. In general, these plans describe response actions that the facility will take for incidents and scenarios of concern. An integrated crisis management program inclusive of these plans serves as an overarching framework outlining how the facility will respond to an emergency or incident, regardless of the event or triggering source. Crisis management programs are intrinsically linked to the risk management strategies adopted by the organization as they focus on minimizing safety and economic impacts, limiting operational disruptions, and achieving prompt recovery." [2]

"Developing a crisis management program includes three components:

  • "Understanding hazards that could impact the facility, its operations, equipment, and personnel.
  • "Developing plans to prepare for, respond to, and recover from the likely hazards.
  • "Conducting exercises to validate and update plans, test communications protocols, and clarify roles and responsibilities." [2]

Types of Crisis Management Plans


Revision ID: 5647
Revision Date: 12/14/2022